The popularity of many industry topics last year will continue in 2019. The development of data and Internet of Things (IoT), wireless connectivity and mobile edge computing (MEC) and cabling technologies and standards will be the three major drivers of change in the smart building sector. The development of smart buildings has laid the foundation for smart parks and smart cities, and the above-mentioned driving forces have also promoted integration and corresponding preparation work.
Data is the key to achieving transformation
Last year, CommScope explored the importance of “integration” for the transition from smart buildings to smart buildings. However, the emergence of the Internet of Things has made it all the more than just the integration of networks and connections, but also the technologies that complement them. For example, IoT sensors can detect a large amount of data that we are currently inaccessible, but will need it in the near future.
To move from intelligent buildings to smart buildings, you need to take advantage of all the data provided by these new systems (many of which have not yet been deployed) and all the data from the old legacy systems, and make decisions based on these data to optimize buildings. Operation and maintenance.
We can make some predictions about the development of related work, but we cannot know exactly how the future will develop. CommScope's best advice for business owners is to build systems and infrastructure that can capture data, and it needs to be flexible enough to fit into new systems that will be introduced in the future. The best strategy is to enable buildings to generate as much data as possible, so that they have the flexibility needed for future analytics platforms to be able to respond ahead without guessing which analytics solution the market will adopt in the future.
As the Internet of Things continues to evolve and generate data, manufacturers and vendors also provide basic connectivity, data collection, and technology convergence by providing a wide variety of devices. Some of these devices that have achieved ultra-low latency through wireless and wired networks will increasingly adopt MECs, and their computing and storage capabilities will be closer to the edge of the network. In addition, although many IoT devices (such as sensors) may not require high bandwidth, all devices need to be connected to the network. Therefore, the demand for wireless connectivity in both buildings from WiFi networks and cellular networks will continue to grow, and the upcoming 5G will boost this trend. Taking the actual use of 5G as an example, commercial building owners must upgrade their current Cat5e Ethernet infrastructure to Cat6A to support an increase from 1 Gbps to 7-8 Gbps per user throughput. This is because 5G technology using higher frequency bands does not penetrate the wall well, so building owners need to deploy Cat6A infrastructure to enable indoor wireless systems to support 5G.
Progress in wiring technology and standards
As mentioned above, the trend of wireless will determine the demand for building wiring, and power consumption is another factor that determines building changes. For example, in September 2018, the IEEE 802.3bt standard was defined as the latest four pairs of Power over Ethernet (PoE) standards, which introduced two additional power types – up to 55W Type 3 and 90W Type 4 . So we can predict that there will be more devices powered by structured cabling compared to the increase in bandwidth.
Global standards such as these will become increasingly important in an increasingly global marketplace. After all, the requirements vary from region to region. However, with standards-based technical methods and implementations, as well as the global influence and cultural awareness of organizations such as the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), companies will be able to compete in a relatively fair environment while still maintaining sufficient flexibility. To adapt to regional differences.
Many operators are already embarking on the convergence of wireless and wireline, and this trend will continue. As wireless networks become more common, they require a corresponding wired infrastructure to implement technologies such as backhaul. The development of PoE technology mentioned above will help to integrate power and bandwidth, and building automation solutions (such as Automated Infrastructure Management, or AIM for short) will also be integrated with wired networks. Such solutions are usually connected via proprietary links, but in the future we are expected to see more transitions to Ethernet-based connections, whether wired or wireless.
Preparation for the first
Although a large part of the trends mentioned in this article have been discussed in 2018, we believe that 2019 is still a year of comprehensive preparation before these trends are fully realized. Whether it's the foundation for wireless and wired infrastructure, data analytics or in-building wiring, technology development in the next 20 years needs to be taken into account when making decisions for smart buildings. The continuous development of technologies such as the Internet of Things, 5G, and MEC, as well as the introduction of new PoE standards, all reflect the rapid change of technology, and it is still difficult to predict accurately in the future. Therefore, only by preparing for the infrastructure can we provide the necessary flexibility to maximize the development of future technologies and applications.
The development of smart buildings, smart parks and smart cities
We saw that preparations for this transformation began in the building sector and then gradually developed into smart parks and even smart cities. In fact, there is a certain degree of integration between smart buildings, smart parks and smart cities. The evolution of buildings from smart to smart is being extended in smart parks. In fact, smart parks are made up of multiple buildings or a multi-purpose commercial center, which represents the ultimate example of “fusion”. For example, smart buildings will perform operations based on information provided by the systems within the building, while smart parks perform operations based on information provided by each building. Using wireless networks or fiber-optic connections to buildings can make decisions about water, electricity, and more for a wider community. By building these networks and continually integrating them, we can support a wider range of decision making based on the large amount of data generated. As with the processes that operate in buildings and parks, all of this is incorporated into smart city systems, and the data and information collected is used to provide smart services and security for citizens in smart cities.
In response to the impact of data and the Internet of Things and the various trends in the wireless and wireline sectors, building owners and managers need to do their best to prepare the infrastructure in 2019. We are expected to see further integration of infrastructure and technology in smart buildings, smart parks and smart cities.