Industrial automation control is a powerful boost to productivity, and the industrial revolution has increased the plant's production speed and efficiency by more than 300%. Up to now, with the continuous maturity of industrial control technology, industry will enter the fourth industrial revolution. The continuous upgrading and optimization of PLC, frequency converter, servo motor, industrial computer and automation software will inevitably accelerate the process of global manufacturing automation, and the global manufacturing structure will undergo a qualitative change.
At the same time, in the face of the continuous upgrading of the industry and the demand of the market, in the past year, the industrial control industry has also ushered in many fresh hot discussions, including industry 4.0, intelligent manufacturing, digital factories, human-machine collaboration, etc., all become industries. The hot keywords of the discussion, take a look at the next, these keywords contain what the industry "mystery"!
1. Safe production
April 28 each year is the World Safe Production and Health Day, which commemorates the dead and injured workers. As a concept of moving to the “schedule”, safety production has always been a reality that cannot be ignored in industrial production. In essence, the issue of safe production is a socio-economic problem brought about by industrial production methods. It is precisely because of the emergence of industrial production methods that not only greatly improved production efficiency, improved the living conditions of human beings, but also brought about tremendous changes in the social structure.
Up to now, with the rise of artificial intelligence and intelligence, the safety of industrial production has been greatly improved. It is also because of the joining of emerging technologies that security production is facing new problems. For example, in the industrial control industry, electricity is an indispensable link to support production and life, and its safety has been widely concerned. According to data released by the National Energy Administration, there are at least 2 electric accidents, more than 2 deaths and more than 3 serious injuries per month. It can be seen that the current incidence of electric power accidents is much higher than when power development was not so developed. Although the development of new technologies has brought about new safety production problems, it is undeniable that the safety of production in all walks of life has been greatly improved compared with the past.
2, made in China 2025
The Chinese government proposed "Made in China 2025" in early 2015, and the transformation of China's manufacturing powers to manufacturing powers as the ultimate goal is in full swing. In fact, the concrete manifestation of "China's creation" is technological innovation, which is the core of the overall development of the manufacturing industry. However, from the current development status, China has a problem of insufficient independent innovation capability.
However, due to policy support and industry development, it is undeniable that the overall level of China's manufacturing and related technologies is rapidly increasing. According to relevant data, Chinese investors launched 165 transactions to US technology startups last year. In addition, among the total financing amount of the founding enterprises in the United States last year, there were 9.3 billion US dollars involved in Chinese enterprises, accounting for 11% of the total. Many technology companies such as Uber, Tesla, and Magic Leap have received investment from Chinese capital such as Tencent. It is precisely because China’s technology has grown too fast, so that the United States, which has long been a “big boss” in technology, has panicked, Sino-US trade wars, ZTE’s ban, Huawei’s high-level arrests, and so on. It’s vivid. In fact, only the benign competition in the development of technology can truly become the driving force for human progress.
3. Industry 4.0
In 2011, at the Handelway Industry Fair, Germany first announced the concept of Industry 4.0. The goal of Industry 4.0 is to link industrial production and network connections, enabling intelligent machines, systems and networks to exchange and respond to information independently. To manage the industrial production process to create an industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) environment.
In fact, Germany's Industry 4.0 has a similar strategic direction to the domestic “Made in China 2025”. Both are leading the manufacturing industry to lean, automated, intelligent and intelligent development. At the beginning, many Chinese companies were experimenting with industrial automation and industrial 4.0 technology development and product layout, in order to obtain business opportunities in the future upgrade of China's manufacturing to industrial 4.0. With the introduction of "Made in China 2025", the trend of domestic industry 4.0 is even hotter. However, as for a large number of manufacturing enterprises in China, especially small and medium-sized enterprises, the management status quo still remains at the low level of Industry 1.5 and Industry 2.0. The transition to Industry 4.0 still needs a greater impetus and goes a long way.
4, smart manufacturing
According to the “Intelligent Manufacturing Development Plan (2016-2020)” issued by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and the Ministry of Finance on December 8, 2016, Intelligent Manufacturing (IM) is newly defined as a new generation of information communication technology and advanced manufacturing. Deep integration of technology, through all aspects of manufacturing activities such as design, production, management, and service, with new production methods such as self-awareness, self-learning, self-decision, self-execution, and self-adaptation.
From the "12th Five-Year Development Plan of Intelligent Manufacturing Equipment Industry", "Twelfth Five-Year Plan for Intelligent Manufacturing Technology Development" to "Made in China 2025" and then to the "Development Plan for Intelligent Manufacturing" Explain the importance of the state. Due to the strong support of the state, in 2010-2017, China's intelligent manufacturing industry has developed rapidly and has become an important development trend of the manufacturing industry, which has a profound impact on the industrial development and the division of labor. According to relevant data, the market scale of China's smart manufacturing has increased from 340 billion yuan in 2010 to 1.5 billion yuan in 2017, an increase of 4.4 times in 7 years. Coupled with the "outbreak" of 2018, it is foreseeable that the smart manufacturing market will continue to expand in recent years.
5. Industrial Internet of Things
Compared with the common Internet of Things, the interconnection between industrial IoT devices requires extremely low latency and high reliability. It also needs to provide users with millisecond-level end-to-end delay and nearly 100% service reliability. Guarantee. Up to now, the development of global IoT is now in full swing. According to the latest survey by MarketsandMarkets, the global IIoT market is about $64 billion in 2018 and is expected to increase to $91.4 billion in 2023. The compound annual growth rate (CAGR) will be 7.39% between 2018 and 2023.
With the continuous release of the central industrial policy, the domestic IIoT market has gradually warmed up, and the local governments have paid more and more attention to the development of IIoT, including Shanghai, Beijing, Tianjin, Guangdong, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian, Anhui and other major manufacturing provinces and cities. Shareholders' consensus, and follow the current situation and advantages of industrial development in various provinces and cities to establish a more clear development direction. Among them, Guangdong Province, as the first province and city in China to issue industrial Internet local policies, issued the "Guangdong Province Deepening Internet + Advanced Manufacturing Industry Development Internet Implementation Plan" to support local IIoT development.
6, digital factory
The digital factories that are often mentioned are just an integral part of "smart manufacturing." Under intelligent manufacturing, traditional manufacturing processes will be reorganized, and the ultimate goal is to achieve product intelligence. As a product of modern digital manufacturing technology and computer simulation technology, the digital factory (DF) has injected new vitality into the basic manufacturing industry and is the bridge between communication product design and product manufacturing.
Building a digital factory requires not only strong financial support, but also scientific planning and design. Enterprises first need information system planning and design, and then use the ERP data platform, but also choose a professional MES system, and finally go online APS and choose the right supplier, the basic four steps are indispensable. This is also the case, the digital factory shows the core features of product intelligence, production automation, information flow and material flow. From a global perspective, only Siemens is a company that implements digital factories.
7, flexible manufacturing
With the increasing demand for mass production and consumer personalization, flexible manufacturing for “mass customization” production has taken shape. Flexible manufacturing has the characteristics of small batch size and variety, and can effectively control the production process. Customizations that are common in everyday life, consumer-oriented, and customized production are good examples of flexible manufacturing. In fact, flexible manufacturing tests the speed of response from corporate production lines and supply chains. For example, the "C2B" and "C2P2B" in the field of e-commerce are all tests for enterprises in this respect.
The “flexibility” of manufacturing systems can be reflected in seven aspects of equipment, process, product, work schedule, capacity, expansion and production. At present, flexible manufacturing technology is mainly concentrated in four aspects: flexible manufacturing system (FMS), flexible manufacturing unit (FMC), flexible manufacturing line (FML), and flexible manufacturing factory (FMF).
Since the development of AI, it has been a hot topic of potential and controversy. Although there are mixed opinions, it has not affected its rapid development into new technologies started by many industry giants such as Microsoft, Alibaba and Baidu. According to CBInsights data, the global market size will reach 15.7 trillion US dollars by 2030, which is about 104 trillion yuan (note, PwC's forecast includes the scale of the industry). The huge data proves that the future market prospects of AI are really impressive.
In this huge market potential, AI has occupied a large market share in the industrial field. Up to now, the specific application of AI in the industrial field can be roughly divided into two categories: one is the traditional automatic control related business and technical field, which refers to the use of equipment or devices to make a certain working state or parameter of the machine, equipment or production process. Automatically operate according to the predetermined rules; the other is to use the AI model algorithm such as deep learning to discover the inherent laws and new values of the data through the historical data accumulated in the production and service process of the enterprise, to improve the design, Industrial business links such as production and service.
9, man-machine assistance
In the field of factory and non-manufacturing fields, there is no fence-separated common workplace between humans and robots, opening up new possibilities and concepts for human-computer collaboration. At present, the world's four major industrial robots ABB, KUKA, FANUC and Yaskawa have launched corresponding collaborative robot products. Domestic Xinsong, Invitational and other companies have followed the trend, and more than 30 associations have been formed worldwide. With robot manufacturers and more than 90 robot models, the market competition can be said to be intensifying.
According to the data, in 2017, the global cooperative robot sales volume was 16,500 units, accounting for 4.3% of the industrial robot market, up 0.7 percentage points year-on-year, and the market size exceeded 3 billion yuan. It is estimated that by 2020, the global sales of cooperative robots will reach 50,000 units, and the market size will exceed 8.4 billion yuan. It can be foreseen that the collaborative robot market will be promising in the future, and human-machine collaboration will be the next wind vane for industry development.
10. Industrial robot
As an important segment of intelligent manufacturing, industrial robots are an important cornerstone of the development of the industry. The main task of industrial robot control technology is to control the position, attitude and trajectory of industrial robots in the workspace, the sequence of operations and the time of action. Up to now, industrial robots have formed a certain market structure, with world famous brands such as Swedish ABB, FANUC, Yaskawa (YASKAWA), KUKA in Germany, American Robot and Italian Coma ( COMAU) is mainly concentrated in developed countries, and industrial robots produced by these manufacturers have become an industrial standard widely used in the world.
For the domestic market, domestic brands such as Xinsong, Eston, Eft, Sky, New Era, and Huazhong CNC have gradually won recognition from customers in the market. At the same time, according to the statistics of China Robot Industry Alliance, the sales volume of domestic industrial robots continued to grow since 2018. The cumulative sales in the first half of the year were 22,304 units, an increase of 22.4% over the previous year. The overall sales maintained a relatively steady growth. It can be said that the development of domestic industrial robots has shown a great picture.
Summary: The development of manufacturing industry is actually largely dependent on the development of industrial control. In countries with developed industrial control technology, the manufacturing industry structure is bound to be more perfect. Domestic industrial control technology has always been a bottleneck restricting the upgrading of China's manufacturing industry and even products. However, with the attention of the state and the development of the industry, domestic industrial control companies such as Advantech, Delta, and North China Industrial Control have gradually emerged. It is foreseeable that in the future, whether global or domestic, industrial control will be developed towards integration, intelligence and simple operation.